Mesopotamia is known as the “Land Between Two Rivers” which are the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Mesopotamia is often called the place where history began. This is the place where Word Civilizations started. Mesopotamia is the location where the Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires took place. One of the contributions of the Mesopotamian civilization is the ancient way of writing – Cuneiform. The Sumerians were the first humans to invent writing and government. Sumerians are also the people who were credited for the invention of wheel which are very useful today. Moreover, they are also the first people to use irrigation for agricultural purposes, they built the most prestigious “Hanging Gardens” and the Ziggurats. While in terms of religion, Mesopotamia is a polytheistic civilization, it means they believe in many Gods. Moreover, in Mesopotamian Civilization there are social classes – the King, Priest, Scribes, Merchants and Artisans, Commoners, and lastly, the slaves. On the other hand, in terms of politics, some of the most known leaders of this civilization is King Hammurabi and King Sargon. King Hammurabi who ruled the Babylonian empire was the one who made the Hammurabi Code where the famous quotation “An eye for an eye ; a tooth for a tooth.” came from. The Babylonians were the first to write down and record their system of law. The Babylonian law created by King Hammurabi, the Code of Hammurabi, may be the oldest written law in the world. While King Sargon the Great was well known because he established the city of Akkad. Though Mesopotamian Civilization was one of the most powerful and known civilizations of all time, there still comes a time when it fell. One of the reasons was war-like tribes trying for geographic influence.
Mesopotamian Civilization played a big role in the growth of world civilizations. Let us just don’t forget that Mesopotamia is not just a simple place we know today as Iraq, instead let’s remember that this is the place where it all started.